Issue 40 Unmanned Systems Technology October/November 2021 ANYbotics ANYmal D l AI systems focus l Aquatic Drones Phoenix 5 l Space vehicles insight l Sky Eye Rapier X-25 l FlyingBasket FB3 l GCS focus l AUVSI Xponential 2021

Read all back issues online UST 40 :OCT/NOV 2021 UK £15,USA$30,EUROPE e 22 Self-control Focus onAI andmachine learning Form and function Build tips for ground control stations Walking the walk Why theANYboticsANYmalDUGV has the legs for industrial inspections 4 The renaissance in the space industry is built largely on unmanned technologies. The Inspiration4 mission by SpaceX for example, which took four civilians into space on a three-day journey, was enabled by remote and autonomous control technologies. The boosters that propelled these astronauts and equipment into orbit returned under their own control, ready to be reused and thus cutting the cost of launches. This autonomous capability is a key factor in returning people to the Moon in the coming years. The latest advances in unmanned space technologies are detailed in this issue’s Insight on page 52. Meanwhile, AI and machine learning are being used in many different parts of unmanned systems. Alongside central controllers, AI is used for signal conditioning and filtering in navigation and wireless systems, as we discuss on page 36, and is increasingly used to coordinate swarms of multiple aircraft. These swarm machine learning algorithms are also being adopted for space systems, coordinating mining and exploration missions. Research into these space technologies is feeding back into improvements in terrestrial systems. NASA for one has been bringing its expertise in distributed power systems to terrestrial aircraft, as detailed on page 98, coming full circle on the benefits of r&d for all kinds of unmanned systems. Nick Flaherty | Technology Editor Space-age advances Editorial Director Ian Bamsey Deputy Editor Rory Jackson Technology Editor Nick Flaherty Production Editor Guy Richards Contributor Peter Donaldson Technical Consultants Paul Weighell Ian Williams-Wynn Dr Donough Wilson Prof James Scanlan Design Andrew Metcalfe UST Ad Sales Please direct all enquiries to Freya Williams Subscriptions Frankie Robins Publishing Director Simon Moss General Manager Chris Perry Intro | October/November 2021 October/November 2021 | Unmanned Systems Technology Volume Seven | Issue Six October/November 2021 High Power Media Limited Whitfield House, Cheddar Road, Wedmore, Somerset, BS28 4EJ, England Tel: +44 (0)1934 713957 ISSN 2056-9823 Printed in Great Britain ©High Power Media All rights reserved. Reproduction (in whole or in part) of any article or illustration without the written permission of the publisher is strictly prohibited. While care is taken to ensure the accuracy of information herein, the publisher can accept no liability for errors or omissions. Nor can responsibility be accepted for the content of any advertisement. SUBSCRIPTIONS Subscriptions are available from High Power Media at the address above or directly from our website. Overseas copies are sent via air mail. UST SUBSCRIPTION OFFERS 1 year subscription – 15% discount: UK – £75; Europe – £90 USA – £93.75; ROW – £97.50 2 year subscription – 25% discount: UK – £135; Europe – £162 USA – £168.75; ROW – £175.50 Make cheques payable to High Power Media. Visa, Mastercard, Amex and UK Maestro accepted. Quote card number and expiry date (also issue/start date for Maestro) ALSO FROM HPM THE COMMUNICATIONS HUBOF THE RACING POWERTRAINWORLD BILLMILLER: Strong ignitionopinion SEPT/OCT 2021 UK £15,US/CN$25,EUROPE e 22 REBIRTHOFAGROUPCGIANT InitRacing’s 5.0 litreMercedesV8 twin turbo KEEPINGTHELIDON IT Focus on engine sealing solutions FROMDAYTONA TOLEMANS 24-Hour Prototype engines in 2021 ISSUE011 | AUTUMN2021 UK£15 USA$30 EUROPE€22 E-MOBILITY ENGINEERING THE COMMUNICATIONS HUB OF THE ELECTRIFIED POWERTRAIN Salvage value Let’sstay together Overcoming thechallenges of recyclingEVbatteries The importanceofsealing technology–nowand in the future Raising the standard Weget insideCandela’s C-7hydrofoilspeedboat The USE network Having now provided several enterprises around the world with the support and connections they need to implement efficient and sustainable technological solutions, we’re keen to continue expanding this free service. If the unmanned vehicle and/or system you’re working on could benefit from some independent advice, from engineers specialising in the appropriate field, then please do get in touch. Email your question/challenge/dilemma/predicament to or visit and raise a case with us. All questions will be treated in the strictest confidence, and there’s no obligation whatsoever to follow any recommendations made.